Aronia Research

Aronia Health Benefits

The aronia berry is a super fruit, containing more antioxidants than blueberries, cranberries, elderberries, and raspberries! Numerous studies have linked aronia berries to potential health benefits such as helping to fight cardiovascular disease, normalizing blood pressure, diabetes prevention & help, urinary tract health, weight control, anti-carcinogenic effect, and many more.

Aronia berries contain a high level of polyphenols, which are micronutrients with antioxidant activity found in various plant foods. Within the polyphenol family, flavonoids are of particular interest in terms of health as they have both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Aronia berries contain an extremely high concentration of a certain flavonoid called anthocyanin, having 1,480mg of anthocyanin per 100g of fresh aronia fruit. The black aronia species (Aronia melanocarpa) contains higher levels of anthocyanin than purple or red aronia. 

Since plants product anthocyanins as a protective mechanism in response to environmental stressors, our aronia berries are grown in the harshest conditions and are kept at sub-zero temperatures for half of the year. 

Aronia Treasure was measured for its ORAC value by the Brunswick Laboratories, Boston, Massachusetts.

Unlock all of the health benefits of these super berries with Aronia Treasure!

Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) - A review on the characteristic components and potential health effects
Fruits of Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa in the Prevention of Chronic Diseases
Current Knowledge of Aronia Melanocarpa as a Medicinal Plant

Cardiovascular Diseases

Aronia berries are extremely good for heart health. A research utilizing numerous berries, including aronia, pointed out a marked improvement in LDL (bad) cholesterol oxidation, thus minimizing the risks of heart diseases.

Blood circulation & blood vessel

Aronia berries are commonly known as to enhance the blood circulation, make blood vessels more robust and lower the potential risk of cardiovascular disease. Free-radicals are definitely the accurate reason for numerous illnesses within the body and also aronia berries can easily avoid development of these radicals hence stopping diseases like diabetes along with heart diseases.

Heart Attack Prevention

One particular research recommended that aronia berry extracts worked for preventing heart attacks by: 

(a) Decreasing swelling within the cell artery walls, (b) Lowering ACE, a chemical that prevents the vasodilation of the arteries-vasodilation means the widening of the blood vessels, which reduces to resistance to blood circulation and also lowers blood pressure level, (c) Minimizing LDL cholesterol that creates builds up on the artery walls, leading to congestion.

Balance Blood Pressure Levels

Aronia assists significantly in keeping blood pressure level at normal levels. The darkish pigmented berries have already been recognized to avoid spasms within the blood vessels, maintaining the blood pressure far from the “danger zone”. The aronia juice is extremely recommended to people having issues with the high blood pressure level.

Anti-Carcinogenic Effect

The positive effect of the black colored berries in fighting cancer is a well known. A survey conducted in 2003 demonstrated that the berry supplied an all-natural defense to battle against colon cancer. An article, “Darker fruits could fight cancer”, written by the researchers at Ohio State University describes that darker fruits and berries could possibly combat cancer. The aronia berry (chokeberry) is specifically mentioned within the article, “(A)nthocyanin pigments from black carrots and radishes slowed the development of cancer cells by in between 50 to 80%. But compounds from chokeberries for example killed up to fifth of existing cells. Without impacting upon healthy ones.”

Aronia Berry and Cancer, @antioxidant-fruits.com

Decrease Inflammation 

It combats bacteria and viruses and enhances the immune system. A Bulgarian research (Study of the natural Aronia Melanocarpa juice for anti-viral activity, Borissova et al, 1994) demonstrated that aronia berry juice, because of its anthocyane flavonoids, had an anti-inflammatory value, whenever swelling was caused by histamine or serotonin.

Diabetes Prevention & Help

There has been numerous researches examining the effect of aronia berries on individuals with diabetes. Aronia can be quite therapeutic for individuals trying to avoid diabetes, however, it can also assist individuals to better manage diabetes and other associated problems.

Urinary Tract Health

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur to huge numbers of people throughout the world. The primary causal agent is Escherichia coli and symptoms consist of repeated feeling and/or really need to urinate, discomfort while urinating, and also cloudy urine. It is well-known that cranberries are great in the combat with UTI, yet research has shown that aronia berries usually are 5 to 10 times more efficient, due to the greater dosage of quinic acid inside them, that is shown to avoid urinary infections. 

Extra lab research demonstrated that Aronia Melanocarpa is beneficial in cutting micro-organism growth for many bacteria which includes Escherichia coli, therefore showing aronia berries assist in preventing and also treat UTI and maintain excellent urinary tract health.

Weight Control

Aronia berries assist in controlling body weight. Additionally, Aronia might help avoid the body from storing fat around the abdomen, an issue which so many people are continuously dealing with.

Gastro-protective Effects

The aronia have been shown to assist treating stomach problems which includes gastric ulcers, diarrhea. That theory have been reviewed by an animal research in 2004, that demonstrated that the aronia berry’s antioxidant effects has a gastro protective effect whenever dealing with the acute gastric hemorrhagic lesion in rats. This research recommended to scientists that it may be a natural effective remedy for stomach problems in humans (including ulcers). Showing once again to be incredibly beneficial fruit, dried Aronia is a superb medication for kidney and stomach problems.

Hepatoprotective Effects

Aronia berries may be useful in stopping harm to your liver. A study on rats demonstrated that treatment along with aronia berry extracts decreased toxicity within the kidneys and liver brought on by cadmium, and in addition assisted avoid a procedure leading to cell death brought on by carbon tetrachloride.

Eye Protection

Aronia berries, of all other healthy advantages, offer excellent safety for the eyes. The super berries contain a great deal of carotene, which safeguards cells from damage as well as the eyes from cataract formation. Also, they are abundant with flavonoid anti-oxidants just like luteins and zeaxanthins. Zeaxanthin has got photo-filtering effects on UV rays and therefore safeguards eyes from age-related macular disease within the elderly (ARMD) and eye inflammation (uveitis). Scientists in Japan have already been calculating the end results of aronia crude extract (ACE) on eye inflammation. The research was released in Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science some years ago.

 

  • Top 10 Health Benefits of Aronia Berries
    http://www.aroniaberrynews.com/
    Aronia berries have the highest concentration of antioxidants present in any fruit. Why is this so important? Antioxidants protect the body’s cells from the damaging effects of oxidation. And because aronia is rich in antioxidants, it has a very high ORAC value (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity - a measure of an antioxidant's power to neutralize free radicals) - almost 80 units, the highest amongst fruits.
     
  • Health Benefits of Aronia - www.healthbenefitstimes.com
    http://www.healthbenefitstimes.com/health-benefits-of-aronia-berry/
    Aronia berries are rich in antioxidants which prevents cells from the oxidation of free radicals. Anthocyanin provides dark purple color to the berry. The research made on the anthocyanin on Aronia berries shows that in 100 foods only 24 included it. The study shows that in a serving about 2147 mg of anthocyanin was provided. The research also shows that Ariona berries have the ability to prevent cardiovascular diseases, cancer, ulcers, diabetes, eye inflammation, joint pain, liver disease, flu, cold and allergies. It promotes the memory, slows down the aging process and enhances the wellbeing.
     
  • Aronia berry health benefit - Ray Sahelian - www.raysahelian.com
    http://www.raysahelian.com/aronia.html
    Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice and anthocyanins derived from the fruits have been studied intensively, particularly in Bulgaria and eastern Europe. This plant appears to have compounds that are protective to the liver, have blood sugar stabilizing properties, anti-tumor benefits, and have anti-inflammatory activity.
     
  • Aronia reduces cellulite
    http://www.ergo-log.com/aronia-reduces-cellulite.html
    A capful of super-berry Aronia juice a day can reduce not too serious types of cellulite. Serbian researchers discovered this when they gave Aronia juice to nearly thirty adult women.
     
  • Aronia berries reduce belly fat
    http://www.ergo-log.com/aronia-berries-reduce-belly-fat.html
    If you eat a hefty portion of aronia berries every day, your fat reserves will decrease and your muscle mass may increase. You could draw this conclusion from a Japanese animal study that researchers at Hokkaido University published in the Journal of Oleo Science. According to the study, the phenols in aronia increase insulin sensitivity.
     
  • Blood pressure-lowering properties of chokeberry (Aronia mitchurinii, var. Viking)
    Jarkko K. Hellströma, Alexander N. Shikovc, at al.
    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1756464610000253
    The blood pressure-lowering properties of lyophilized chokeberry juice and polyphenols were monitored using in vitro angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition measure- ment and a 10 day in vivo study with spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). [...] It was concluded that both chokeberry juice and polyphenols had blood pres- sure-lowering effects. We hypothesize that chokeberry polyphenols enhance endothelial nitric oxide production with an ACE-independent mechanism, e.g. by activation of endo- thelial nitric oxidase enzyme; this is yet to be verified.

  

Aronia Melanocarpa Plant Information

  • USDA-NRCS Aronia Melanocarpa Plant Guide
    https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ARME6
    A member of the Rose family, black chokeberry is a deciduous shrub which can grow to a height of 3 to 6 feet tall. The fine-toothed leaves are medium green and hairless, with raised glands along the top of the midrib. In spring, the white bisexual flowers form clusters that are 2 to 2 1⁄2 inches across. The primary pollinators are small bees. As the seasons progress, the trees turn a deep glossy green. In mid to late summer the fruit begins to form. As the pea-sized fruit ripens, it darkens to a purplish-black color. The fruit are pomes which will begin to drop from the plants shortly after ripening. The fruits are quite juicy, but will begin to shrivel up after ripening. The juice and seeds are deep purple in color. There are 1 to 5 small seeds per pome.
    View PDF document.
     
  • Aronia in America
    http://aroniainamerica.blogspot.com/
    A blog dedicated to growing Aronia plants in america.

 

Scientific Papers and Studies

  • Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) – A Review on the Characteristic Components and Potential Health Effects
    Sabine E. Kulling, Harshadai M. Rawel
    Department of Food Chemistry, Institute of Nutritional Science, University of Potsdam, Nuthetal (OT Bergholz-Rehbrücke), Germany
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/articles/18937167/
    In conclusion, chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa), a lesser known berry fruit, is one of the richest plant sources of highly interesting phenolic phytochemicals including procyanidins and anthocyanins. The high content as well as the pattern of the phenolic constituents seems to be responsible for the wide range of its potential medicinal and therapeutic effects. Further studies are needed to understand the beneficial effects reported so far also from the mechanistic point of view. However, it seems desirable that the spread and popularity of Aronia food products in the future will increase and expand consumers' choice for healthy berry fruits.
     
  • Current Knowledge of Aronia Melanocarpa as a Medicinal Plant
    SV Valcheva-Kuzmanova et al. Folia Med (Plovdiv) 48 (2), 11-17. 2006.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/articles/17408071/ 
    [...] Most of the effects of Aronia melanocarpa anthocyanins are due to their high antioxidative activity. Our investigations have demonstrated a remarkable hepatoprotective, a very good gastroprotective and a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect of Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice in rats as well as a bacteriostatic activity in vitro against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli and an antiviral activity against type A influenza virus. Research of other authors has demonstrated that Aronia melanocarpa anthocyanins can normalize the carbohydrate metabolism in diabetic patients and in streptozotocin-diabetic rats, have an in vitro antimutagenic activity and exhibit a distinct immunomodulatory activity in human lymphocyte cultures and in patients with breast cancer, suppress the growth of human HT-29 colon cancer cells, inhibit the N-nitrosamine formation in rats and decrease the toxicity and cumulation of cadmium in liver and kidneys. Currently, there are no data in literature about any unwanted and toxic effects of Aronia melanocarpa fruits, juice and extracts.
     

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